Study Confirms that Public Defender Reentry Program Saves Money, Lives

SAN FRANCISCO – The first study to assess the impact of the San Francisco Public Defender’s Office reentry social work program found that alternatives to incarceration, reduced sentencing, and avoided jail days obtained as a result of reentry advocacy saved California state prisons over $5,000,000 and San Francisco County over $1,000,000.

The Public Defender’s Office reentry unit provides its adult clients with an innovative blend of legal, social, and practical support through three programs: Clean Slate Program, Children of Incarcerated Parents program, and the social work services component.

“Our clients’ legal problems are often the symptoms of larger social issues – drug addiction, mental illness, homelessness, unemployment – that cannot and should not be ignored. By addressing the social service needs of our clients, we obtain the best outcome for our clients, their families and our entire community. This not only saves the city and state millions of dollars, it ultimately saves lives,” Deputy Public Defender and Reentry Unit Manager Simin Shamji said.

Reentry is a cornerstone of the interdisciplinary legal defense team approach employed by the Public Defender Office. Reentry social workers and deputy public defenders provide a vigorous legal defense by addressing underlying and contributing social and behavioral health needs. Reentry social workers have extensive knowledge of San Francisco social services and treatment networks, as well as deep relationships with the social services staff and directors to which they connect their clients. They also provide legal advocacy in the form of offering alternatives to incarceration, based on a clients individual circumstances and demonstrated need.

The study, conducted by LFA Group, evaluated clients’ legal and social outcomes as a result of their engagement with Public Defender’s Office reentry social workers. The evaluation consisted of review of randomly-selected case files whose cases were filed in court between May 1, 2007 and December 31, 2007 and resolved by the fall of 2008. According to the report:

  • Nearly all Reentry clients experience some form of victory through their participation in Social Work Services. Of the clients with some type of victory during their engagement with Reentry Social Work Services, almost all (98%) saw improvement in their legal cases over the likely sentence they would have faced without Reentry Social Worker services: these defendants had less severe sentences (for example, jail instead of prison; community-based program or probation instead of jail) and in some cases shorter sentences, and experienced other legal victories such as early release from a jail sentence. They also experienced personal and social successes such as becoming ready to seek drug treatment.
  • Reentry clients are less likely to be sentenced to prison. Of those Reentry clients facing a prison sentence, 83% received an alternate sentence, allowing them to avoid prison. More than one-quarter (29%) who had been facing a potential jail sentence were given an alternative sentence that allowed them to avoid incarceration altogether.
  • The impact of Reentry Social Worker support is evident even beyond sentencing. A majority (59%) of Reentry clients sentenced to jail were awarded early release from San Francisco County Jail.
  • Reentry client legal outcomes result in cost savings for the criminal justice system. Avoided prison days due to alternative and reduced sentencing for the 66 clients sampled resulted in a savings of over $5,000,000 to California state prisons. Avoided jail days for the sample due to alternative and reduced sentencing and early release resulted in a savings of over $1,000,000. The net savings for San Francisco County jail after the cost of averted prison sentences served in jail is added to the jail savings is $110,577.

Download the full Reentry Unit social work program 2007-2008 evaluation or executive summary here:

Reentry Unit Social Work Services Evaluation – Executive Summary

Reentry Unit Social Work Services Evaluation – Full Report

To learn more about how the Public Defender’s Office supports reentry, download recent reports on the Clean Slate Program and Children of Incarcerated Parents program here:

Clean Slate Program 2007-2008 Evaluation – Executive Summary

Clean Slate Program 2007-2008 Evaluation – Full Report

CIP Evaluation 2008 – Executive Summary

CIP Evaluation 2008 – Full Report


The mission of the Public Defender’s office is to provide vigorous, effective, competent and ethical legal representation to persons who are accused of crime and cannot afford to hire an attorney. Established in 1921, the San Francisco Public Defender has a long, proud history of providing top-notch representation to its clients, and championing programs that help people turn their lives around.

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